LA CLINICA DEI DISTURBI DEL COMPORTAMENTO ALIMENTARE: L’INTERVENTO PSICOLOGICO°

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Enrico Molinari *
(*) Autore principale:
Enrico Molinari | enrico.molinari@unicatt.it

Abstract

Eating disorders represent a field of investigation and intervention of considerable interest for psychology. This is an extraordinarily complex area. When working with these patients, it is crucial to consider a multifactorial etiopathogenetic framework. As anyone who has ever worked with eating disorder will know, the words “challenge” and “body image” have a particularly important role, both in research and clinical practice. appearance. Of all other Eating Disorders, Anorexia Nervosa (AN) will be presented today. Its prevalence ranges between 0,28% and 1%, with a high mortality rate and its onset is related to the presence of a multiplicity of genetic, neurobiological and psychosocial interrelated factors. One fundamental question is: what are the objectives to achieve for each specific individual who show AN symptoms? Treatment should be directed towards as many areas as possible in order to increase the chances of success and ensure the patient’s greater psychophysical well-being. A collaborative work between nutritionists, physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists, patients themselves and their families, could turn the cure into an aesthetic, ethical and political experience. The narration of their own personal experiences is an essential moment in the treatment of patients with eating disorders. Keeping in mind that the restrictive eating behavior, which is typical in AN, seems aimed at avoiding unpleasant emotion and that the real expert of the disorder is always the patient himself, it is essential to build a relationship that promotes change.


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