Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Incontri di Studio Incontri di Studio it-IT (A. Bianchi) (Tiziano Taccini) mar, 12 nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 SALUTO DEL PRESIDENTE DELL’ISTITUTO LOMBARDO <p>Non disponibile.</p> Silvio Beretta ##submission.copyrightStatement## mar, 12 nov 2019 08:52:54 +0000 INTRODUZIONE <p>Non disponibile.</p> Carlo E. Bottani ##submission.copyrightStatement## mar, 12 nov 2019 08:52:39 +0000 PROGRESSO SCIENTIFICO E INNOVAZIONE TECNOLOGICA: ASPETTI ETICI E GIURIDICI <p>My paper focuses on several main themes: the social image of science, the effects of technological innovation and the notion of the quality of life. I propose seven dilemmas generated by the analysis of these main themes, and try to clarify <em>i)</em> in what way a new social contract between science and society is urgent; <em>ii)</em> why we need a mature, pluralistic culture of innovation; <em>iii)</em> why we should adopt a multidimensional notion of the quality of life.</p> Salvatore Veca ##submission.copyrightStatement## mar, 12 nov 2019 08:52:24 +0000 COMUNICAZIONE SCIENTIFICA IN UNA SOCIETÀ DEMOCRATICA: ASPETTI ETICI <p>Much of the communication and scientific dissemination is pedagogically ineffective, even that apparently most successful. Names like Hawking, Penrose and, more recently, Rovelli have achieved extraordinary public success. There have been many Science Festivals and Researcher's Nights. However, serious statistical surveys show that the increased level of scientific literacy produces contradictory and paradoxical effects. What really is missing is the capacity for critical thinking. The problem is not only scientific, sociological and psychological but also ethical. Many popularizers do not tell the truth or they do not say it all. When this happens, communication, conveying a distorted image of science, can become harmful. To remedy is not only important for science, it is important for democracy.</p> Carlo E. Bottani ##submission.copyrightStatement## mar, 12 nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 ASPETTI ETICI DELLA RICERCA E DELL’INNOVAZIONE TECNOLOGICA: IL CASO DELL’INFORMATICA | MONDI VIRTUALI, RETI SOCIALI, SISTEMI AUTONOMI “INTELLIGENTI” <p>Advances in research and technological innovations in Informatics are revolutionizing our society. We already live in a cyber-physical world: interaction and collaboration among humans occurs seamlessly both in physical and in virtual spaces and virtual agents automate tasks at all levels, including those that traditionally relied on human intelligence. Access to data and information is available to everybody, anywhere and at any time, eliminating barriers but also generating potential distorted usage.&nbsp;Whatever humans do is inevitably mediated by technology, which potentially invades the private sphere of individuals. Changes are happening so fast and their effects are so spectacular that their ethical implications are often understood too late or underestimated. This contribution briefly introduces the disruptive changes produced by advances in Informatics and their severe ethical implications. It argues that an interdisciplinary effort is needed to focus on ethical issues while research and innovation are developed rather than as an after-the-fact reflection.</p> Carlo Ghezzi ##submission.copyrightStatement## mar, 12 nov 2019 08:51:41 +0000 DIRITTO E TECNOLOGIA <p>The intervention starts from the observation that technology is a tool for the transformation of reality that is itself “neutral”, <em>i.e.</em> usable for different and even opposite purposes, while law is a tool to orient, to condition and to govern human behaviours in relation to social ends, that is to say, what is right or better for society. Hence the intrinsic “finalism” of law, and the fundamental difference between the “power” of technology and the juridical power that is exercised for social purposes and to settle conflicts of interests between individuals and between communities. It then examines the potential and limitations of the use of computer techniques to perform legal acts; the new role of law in the face of the growth of technological “powers” of data collection and use; the demand to adapt the regulation of relationships between individuals (such as labour relationships) in the face of technological changes in reality; the problems of “relocation” of the law related to the development of the Internet; the new demands to legal powers to regulate phenomena such as the genetic manipulation of the human being and the use of artificial intelligence, with a view to safeguarding the essence of being “human”.</p> Valerio Onida ##submission.copyrightStatement## mar, 12 nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000