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In the last two decades the international community (or at least part of it) has shown an increasing awareness regarding the global challenges that either developed and developing countries are facing with: these challenges, which surely includes climate changes and international migrations, growing inequalities and persisting poverty, are raising serious concerns regarding the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the current model of development. On the basis of these arguments the UN system has promoted two main Agendas for development, in 2000 and 2015, setting goals and targets to be achieved. But do we really need an Agenda for development? What have we learnt from the MDGs and to what extent criticisms and weaknesses in the Agenda 2015 have been taken into account in designing the Agenda 2030? This short note is aimed to briefly touch some of these issues by comparing the two agendas.